Everything you should know about dark spots
Pesky dark spots are the bane of clear, even complexions. Here’s what you should know about the different causes of hyperpigmentation and how they can be prevented to get your skin back on track.
Dark spots are small areas of discolouration on your skin, appearing in varying sizes and shades depending on how they form. For example, sun spots are usually larger than freckles and appear scattered across the skin. Spots caused by wounds or blemishes come in various shades and sizes and fade with time. While these spots don’t pose a risk to your health, they are certainly unattractive.
How dark spots form
The sun spots you’re seeing now may actually be the result of damage in your teenage years.
Too much of a good thing can be bad – like melanin, the pigment that gives your skin its colour and protects you from the harmful effects of UV rays. When your skin overproduces melanin in response to sun exposure, hormonal changes, or any type of minor skin trauma like acne and blemishes, this results in the formation of hyperpigmentation on your face. It can take a decade or two for sun spots to show up, so the ones you’re seeing now may actually be the result of damage in your teenage years.
The appearance of dark spots also depends on your skin tone. Take a closer look in bright lighting; they should appear as red or pink patches on lighter skin tones and brown on darker ones.